The revision is one of the phases of the composition process, as important as planning and textualization.
The review of the composition process
Review involves a retrospective look at the communicative situation, the content selected in the planning, the scheme used to organize the information, as well as the progression and connection of the ideas that were decided in the textualization stage
That is, the review consists of comparing the first draft with the initial planning, identifying discrepancies and correcting them. The discrepancies could consist of lack of coherence, cohesion and adequacy in the text. Other errors that you should look for and correct to achieve an impeccable final version are those related to the grammatical correction and the style or format of citation: APA or MLA.
What does it imply to revise and correct?
As you see, the composition is a complex process and you can not get a final product free of errors when you finish the first draft, that’s only half the way. It is necessary to reread the text several times and in each of them review a different aspect.
In this arduous task, checklists are very useful, preferably a different one for each type of text you write. You can create them yourself, taking as a starting point the instructions given by the teacher or the objectives that you personally established in the planning phase of the text. Consider that there will not always be a person to read your writing and mark your mistakes or aspects that you can improve. Using checklists helps you to develop self–regulatory capacity, a process in which you leave aside your role as a writer, adopt the role of reader and critically analyze the text to ensure that all the elements of the list are there.
How do you help yourself in your review process?
Grammars, style manuals, general and specialized dictionaries play a very important role in this revision process. With the consultation of general dictionaries, you will make sure that you have selected the correct word for the idea you want to transmit and also give the text variety, looking for synonyms to avoid unnecessary repetition of words. Going to specialized dictionaries allows you to give the security of properly using a technical word whose meaning you did not know.
Grammars are of great help with respect to the correct use of punctuation marks, accents, links, prepositional verbs, etc. In style manuals, such as the El País newspaper, it is possible to find vices of the language or examples of words misused in the written press. There are other style manuals such as APA and MLA where you can consult the correct way to write the references of the sources of information that you use to build the text, as well as the way to quote the experts.
Here are some questions you could ask in each rereading of your draft.